A new project to improve the health of children across Bristol gets underway this month as experts from across the city join forces to tackle the inequalities faced by 20,000 youngsters living in poverty.
With deprivation in the city higher than the national average, a team of academics, public health specialists, parents and community groups will work together to improve the services and advice currently available at grass roots level.
The Bristol Network for Early Years Health and Wellbeing (BoNEE) is a Health Integration Team (HIT) - a group of healthcare professionals, researchers and members of the community who work together to tackle health problems in Bristol through Bristol Health Partners.
Bristol is a young city with more children under 15 than adults aged over 65, so their health is crucial to the health of the city.
Early nutrition, oral health, and social and emotional development will all come under the spotlight.
Diet and nutrition during pregnancy and childhood can have lifelong effects. Nearly one in 10 children are obese by the time they start primary school, and nearly one in five by the time they leave.
Statistics show that neighbourhood matters, with close to one in seven children entering school in poorer areas being obese compared to one in 50 in some wealthier neighbourhoods. Also, the number of fast food outlets in Bristol is among the highest in the country.
Dental decay is one of the most common and preventable childhood diseases. Deprived wards within the city have a much higher rate of fillings in children under five than more prosperous areas.
Dr Patricia Lucas, from the University of Bristol's School for Policy Studies, is leading the research alongside Jo Williams, Consultant in Child Public Health at Bristol City Council.
Dr Lucas said:
"The early years, from pregnancy to the age of seven, are very important for lifelong health. This is a time of growth and development, when bones, bodies and minds are at their most flexible and changeable. Small differences in these early years can make big differences to our health, so we need to make sure every child has the best start."
Jo Williams added:
"A child's experiences during the early years lay down a foundation for the whole of their life. We know that children's early experiences vary hugely across our city but we want to enable all children to have a healthy start regardless of their background and circumstances."
Youngsters aged two and three helped to get the project underway on 17 September at a special workshop held at the new Cashmore Nursery in Barton Hill. They were encouraged to draw, paint, print or make collages to explore their ideas about healthy bodies.
Simon Holmes, Head of Cashmore Nursery and Barton Hill Children's Centre, said:
"I think this is a really exciting and unique project and we are very proud to be a part of it. I'm sure approaching health and wellbeing through a playful and fun approach with children of such a young age will help to encourage good habits for life."
BAFTA award-winning film and animation production company Arthur Cox will be making a short film to capture all the action from the workshop.
It will be shown, alongside the children's artwork, when BoNEE is launched to the public on 6 November. The free exhibition, being held at the Trinity Centre, is part of the University of Bristol's Thinking Futures festival.